First Aid Guide

Find out what to do in case of minor accidents and injuries – and how to treat and heal minor wounds as fast and efficient as possible


All you need to know
about first aid

First Aid - first measures

Accidents can happen, and when they do it is important to keep a cool head. Not everyone is accustomed to seeing blood, and sometimes even something harmless such as cutting vegetables in the kitchen can lead to a deep cut that will bleed profusely. Knowing how to react when and having a well-stocked first aid kit at home and in your car will help you be prepared.


First aid bag with Elastoplast plasters - Elastoplast
Do you have a well-stocked first aid kit?

8 Golden Rules of First Aid

  1. Stay calm.
  2. Check whether your surroundings are safe. Don’t put yourself or the injured person at risk.
    Check Surroundings before Applying First Aid
  3. Decide if you or the injured person needs medical aid; ask for advice if not sure.
  4. Reassure the injured person, if they are severely injured and under shock, and keep them warm. Stay with the injured person, keep them comfortable and don’t move them if you suspect an injury to the back or neck. Call for medical help in that case.
  5. Tell the medical experts as much information about the accident and symptoms as you can. Also, if you know about allergies or blood group or vaccinations or medical condition of the person (i.e. if they are on medication)
  6. Wash your hands before you apply first aid and wear disposable gloves to protect yourself and to prevent infections.
    Wash Your Hands before You Apply First Aid
  7. Clean the wound carefully, wiping away any dirt and grit. Use a clean cotton cloth with a disinfectant or rinse with cold water, then pat area dry before applying a clean dressing. Do not remove embedded objects, leave that to medical staff.
  8. Keep your first aid supplies up to date. Do not forget to replace any items you use from your first aid kit and check expiry dates regularly. Check our First Aid Kit guide for a more tips.
    Smaller image of first aid bag with plasters - Elastoplast

Always read the label. Use only as directed. If symptoms persist contact your healthcare practitioner

When do I need a doctor? When to seek medical advice

Most minor cuts and bruises can be treated effectively with first aid, but how do you know if an injury needs closer attention?

We recommend to contact a medical professional in the following circumstances:

  • if the wound is deep and causes major bleeding
  • if the wound shows signs of infection such as redness, warmth, pain and swelling
  • if there are embedded foreign objects
  • in case of an animal or human bite or
  • in case of contact with animal blood
  • if the wound is in the area of the face
  • if there is insufficient tetanus vaccination
  • and of course any time you have questions or are uncertain
Recommendation: Also, seek medical advice in case of breathing problems, unconsciousness, a deep wound with a major loss of blood, a severe burn, a suspected fracture or broken bone a suspected heart attack, a severe allergic reaction, a snake, animal bite or human bite, poisoning, severe shock, any condition which turns rapidly worse.
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Clean the Wound
Wash your hands and check if your wound needs cleaning too. If small objects are embedded (sand, glass etc.) remove with a dry clean cloth or rinse under water.
Disinfect the Wound
Cleaning the wound won‘t hurt with the mild disinfecting wound spray. Usually it is recommended to disinfect the graze or abrasion.
Protect the Wound

Now for the right wound dressing: See whether you need a bandage or a plaster. Elastoplast offers a wide range of wound care for every need and in every size and texture - invisible or extra durable.

Always read the label. Use only as directed. If symptoms persist contact your healthcare practitioner

Expert Tip - Why wound dressing?

Even if an accident always happens out of the blue, you should take your time to dress your wound instead of letting it dry. Why? Because this will create optimum conditions for undisturbed and fast healing of your skin.

“In every wound the protective function of the skin is impaired. The objective of wound dressings is not only to protect the wound, but also to enable conditions in which healing of the skin can proceed as undisturbed as possible, so that the skin’s healthy structure can be restored.


In the treatment of minor everyday injuries, standard first aid dressings and plasters...

• protect your wound from external influences and prevent contamination and infection.
• ensure absorption of blood and secretion,
• reduce pain and mechanical trauma to a minimum during dressing removal and improve your comfort.“

Find out what moist wound healing plasters can do to ensure better healing.

Dr. Rainer Wolber, Research & Development, Beiersdorf AG
Dr. Rainer Wolber, Research & Development,Beiersdorf AG
The Functions of an Elastoplast Plaster
All the functions of a plaster© Elastoplast
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First choice for first aid: Some products that might help

First choice for first aid: Some products that might help

Finding the right wound dressing has never been so easy: just rely on these Elastoplast
products that should be in every First Aid Kit.

Elastoplast products group shot

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How to prevent
scarring and heal
more beautifully

The Best Scar Prevention: Good Wound Care

The best way to prevent an unsightly scar or reduce its appearance is to do a good job caring for the wound. Use these two steps:
  1. 1. Clean out a fresh cut or scrape properly. Proper cleansing helps prevent infection and promotes the best possible healing. Remove with a dry clean cloth or rinse under water. Irritants such as harsh soaps aren‘t good for cleaning minor wounds. In fact, these substances can actually delay healing.
    Cleaning of a wound or scrape- Elastoplast
  2. 2. Keep it covered. Keeping your wound covered with a wound dressing will help it heal undisturbed and protect it by preventing bacteria or dirt from entering and irritating the wound. Choose an Elastoplast Invisible Protection Plaster with hydrocolloid technology to help speed healing and reduce the appearance of scars. 

    Applying plaster to a wound or scrape - Elastoplast
Don‘t pick at scabs. Right after you get a cut or scrape your body starts healing the wound: White blood cells attack infection-causing bacteria. Red blood cells, fibrin, and platelets create a clot over your wound. And in no time, a scab forms. If you pick off the scab, you may not only reopen the wound and introduce bacteria, you could also create a larger scar.
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Always see your doctor if the wound is deep, bleeding or shows signs of infection like reddening, swelling or warmth.  
Also make sure to seek medical help if you are not able to clean the wound properly.
In case you have diabetes a proper wound care is of special importance. Always discuss any concerns you may have with your doctor and/or podiatrist, even for the care of minor wounds and skin cracks – especially on your feet.
Please note that none of the above given tips or recommendations substitute medical advice. Carefully read the instructions for use given in our products’ packages. Important: consult a health professional in case of any uncertainty of treating your wound properly.
The information provided through this website should not be used to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease. It is not a substitute for professional care or advice. If you have or suspect a health problem, you should consult your doctor. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it, because of something you have read on this website.

For further information regarding Elastoplast products, please contact us via email on Carefully read the instructions for use given in our products' packages.

Although compiled with great care, please note that the tips and advice given on this website by no means substitute medical advice and treatment. If you have or suspect a health problem, consult a doctor and follow medical advice regardless of what you have learned on this website. Always read carefully and follow the instructions for use or the leaflets of our products. For further information about our products, please contact us here.